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The name Hypnosis is derived from 'Hypnos' - the Greek god of sleep - although this is not a useful way of describing Hypnosis, as you do not go to sleep. Hypnosis is a perfectly natural state of mind that we all go into several times a day, for example when daydreaming, watching TV, meditating, playing a sport or doing something creative. It is a state that we have all experienced, there is nothing 'mystical' about the Hypnosis.


During Hypnosis your body and conscious mind are relaxed and your subconscious mind is open to suggestion. The subconscious mind is the seat of your imagination, emotions and creativity. It is the part of your mind that deals with all your automatic functions like breathing, heart beating, skills that become automatic like riding a bike, and habits - good and bad. The subconscious mind is a vast memory store, it remembers everything from when you were born to now - even if you can't consciously remember.


Hypnotherapy is when a professional trained person uses the state of Hypnosis to bring about changes that the client desires. This is done by communication with the subconscious mind. The Hypnotherapist can use several methods for this including direct or permissive suggestion, metaphors, and imagery. Sometimes the Hypnotherapist will work through past events with you to facilitate release and change. You are still aware of what is being said to you during Hypnotherapy and you are still in control.


Hypnotherapy is not a 'magic wand', it is a tool that can help you to help yourself and take control of your life. You need to be committed to change.




Counselling is a special relationship that gives you opportunity to talk about areas of your life that are concerning you. Counselling is a confidential relationship that is supportive and non judgemental, where you can feel accepted for who you are. Exploring and talking through your issues can help you become more self aware of yourself and discover the inner resources that you have. It can help you gain a fresh perspective on life. Through your journey counselling can help you move towards a more fulfilling and happy life. Counselling is not about giving advice but about supporting you find your own answers.


Counselling can be short or long term depending on the individuals needs. Marcia offers integrative counselling whereby she draws upon different counselling styles to meet the needs of the individual. Marcia has a holistic view to counselling . Counselling sessions last for 45 minutes  or 60 minutes and are usually conducted weekly. Counselling can also be used alongside the other therapies offered at Life Clinics.


Marcia is a registered member of the UKCP as a Psychotherapeutic Counsellor and is also a member of the BACP and abides by their code of ethics.



NLP  (Neuro-Linguistic Programming)


Neuro refers to the mind, linguistic is about language – how we use it and how it affects us, and programming is about our sequences of repetitive behaviour.


NLP began in the early 1970s with Richard Bandler a psychology student and John Grinder an assistant professor of linguistics. They developed a process called 'modelling' which they used to identify the sequence of ideas and behaviours which enables a person to achieve a particular task. At the beginning they modelled 3 people who were seen to be excellent at what they did – Fritz Perls – the innovative psychologist who invented Gestalt therapy, Milton Erickson a psychiatrist who used a particular style of Hypnotherapy using metaphors, and Virginia Satir a very successful family therapist. From models, NLP has devised a series of strategies and techniques to help us all reach our full potential, changing thoughts, behaviours and beliefs that limit us.


For example lets take spiders – some people hate spiders and some people have spiders as a pet. Why? Well it comes down to thoughts and beliefs that create the different behaviours.


Someone who doesn’t like spiders would probably imagine them in their head as bigger than they are, and close up – even crawling over them - perhaps on their face - and imagine themselves screaming in the presence of them – they may even have had a bad experience with one in their past – maybe an annoying brother had chased them with one.


The spider lover would probably imagine them true to size and at more of a distance – seeing their hairy legs as something to admire.


So if you had a fear of spiders a NLP practitioner would use strategies and techniques to help you to view a spider in a different way based on models of people who do not have the fear.


TFT (Thought Field Therapy)


The development of TFT started over 20 years ago by a doctor of psychology Dr Roger Callahan. Dr Callahan had been seeing a lady called Mary who had a severe water phobia – she couldn’t go out in the rain or even have a shower - it was that bad. Dr Callahan saw Mary for 18 months using all the techniques of the time, and there was little improvement. He attended a course on a therapy called kinesiology and learnt about the different meridian points in the body. Mary complained that her fear was like a terrible feeling at the pit of her stomach – so he asked Mary to tap on the stomach meridian point under her eye – as an experiment. From that moment on Mary's phobia disappeared completely and never returned. They were both astounded.


Dr Callahan then went on to develop more tapping sequences to cover a multitude of problems. Dr Callahan believes that disturbances in the body's flow of energy causes psychological problems. He calls these disturbances perturbations. For TFT to work, the person has to think about the problem – which tunes that person into the thought field. They then have to follow a specific tapping routine which depends on the problem at hand. This process help to remove the disturbance in the body's energy flow – therefore removing the problem. Dr Callahan believes that this process taps into the body's natural healing code.


CBT ( Cognitive Behavioural Therapy)


CBT is a talking therapy that is mainly focused on how you think and act now, so it is primarily focused on the present as well as future goals rather than the past.  It is recognised by NICE who provide independant evidence based advice to the NHS.  During your session you will discuss specific issues that you would like to work on with your therapist, a treatment plan can be worked on together with goals and tasks to complete between sessions. The right level of client commitment is essential with CBT as tasks and techniques usually need to be completed between sessions.


NICE recommends CBT for the treatment of anxiety disorders (including panic attacks and post-traumatic stress disorder), depression, obsessive compulsive disorder, and bipolar disorder, there is also evidence to suggest that CBT is useful for treating chronic fatigue. behavioural difficulties in children, anxiety disorders in children, chronic pain, physical symptoms without a medical diagnosis, sleep difficulties, and anger management.


EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing)


EMDR is a powerful psychological treatment method that was developed by an American clinical psychologist, Dr Francine Shapiro, in the 1980s. Since then a wealth of research has been conducted demonstrating its benefits in treating psychological trauma arising from experiences as diverse as war related experiences, childhood sexual and/or physical abuse or neglect, natural disaster, assault, surgical trauma, road traffic accidents and workplace accidents. Since its original development, EMDR is also increasingly used to help individuals with other issues and performance anxiety. EMDR has been found to be of benefit to children as well as adults.

EMDR is a complex and powerful therapy. Therapists always have a background in mental health before undertaking training in EMDR. You are strongly recommended to only consult legitimate clinicians who have undergone a bona-fide EMDR training. The EMDR Europe and EMDR UK and Ireland accredited training organisations can be found under 'Trainers' on this website.


When a person is involved in a distressing event, they may feel overwhelmed and their brain may be unable to process the information like a normal memory. The distressing memory seems to become frozen on a neurological level. When a person recalls the distressing memory, the person can re-experience what they saw, heard, smelt, tasted or felt, and this can be quite intense. Sometimes the memories are so distressing, the person tries to avoid thinking about the distressing event to avoid experiencing the distressing feelings.


Some find that the distressing memories come to mind when something reminds them of the distressing event, or sometimes the memories just seem to just pop into mind. The alternating left-right stimulation of the brain with eye movements, sounds or taps during EMDR, seems to stimulate the frozen or blocked information processing system.


In the process the distressing memories seem to lose their intensity, so that the memories are less distressing and seem more like 'ordinary' memories. The effect is believed to be similar to that which occurs naturally during REM sleep (Rapid Eye Movement) when your eyes rapidly move from side to side. EMDR helps reduce the distress of all the different kinds of memories, whether it was what you saw, heard, smelt, tasted, felt or thought.


EMDR is not simply the use of eye movements. Rather it is a comprehensive therapeutic approach with principles, protocols and procedures with the goal of reducing distress in the shortest period of time.


When you first meet with your EMDR therapist, your therapist will spend time getting to know your history. This generally includes the kind of distress you are experiencing, the kind of diffulties have you experienced, if you have physical problems, if you are taking medication and explore the support you have. If your therapist feels EMDR is suited for your difficulty, the s/he will describe the EMDR model to you and explain the theory.


You can ask your therapist questions and express any concerns you may have. Your therapist will spend some time doing some relaxation exercises with you, which could include 'safe or pleasant place' exercises, guided visualisation, deep muscle relaxation, breathing retraining etc.

Once you and your therapist feel that you are sufficiently prepared, you can then target a distressing memory with the eye movements or other forms of left-right alternating stimulation, such as sound or taps. Your therapist will ask you to select an image that represents the distressing event. You will then be asked to think about negative and positive thoughts, your feelings, the amount of distress you feel and where you feel it in your body.


Your therapist will then begin the eye movements while you hold the image in mind. After each set of eye movements your therapist will ask you what came to mind or what you noticed during the eye movements. During the eye movements you may experience the distressing event quite intensely to start with, but this distress generally reduces as the memory is processed with EMDR.


Your therapist will continue with the eye movements until your distress is reduced as much as possible. Your therapist will then ask you to think about your positive thought and also check whether there is any part of your body where you still feel distress. Before the end of the session, your therapist will give you time to feel calm again, using the safe-pleasant place exercise or relaxation techniques.


adapted from 24/08/2013






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